Aim: to find out the role of castles in English history and contemporary world. Problems: -to study the history of their appearance, - to investigate the purpose of their building - to trace their further development - to analyse their role in contemporary world - to find the most interesting information about castles - to choose the most popular - to find out some legends about mysterious events which are connected with castles
Periods when castles appeared: The Bronze Age ( 1800-600BC) The Iron Age and the Romans (600BC-400AD) The Dark Ages (400AD-1066AD) The Middle Ages (1066-1500)
Purposes of castles for living for trading for defending of tribes as shelter from cold and animals a meeting place a symbol of Power
History of Warwick castle, its construction Warwick Castle is one of the most famous and daunting castles in the World. It was used as a fortification until the early 17th century, when Sir Fulke Greville converted it to a country house.
Reconstruction William III Transformed castle in gothic style
Reconstruction George IV Created the present appearance of the Upper Ward
Queen Elizabeth II Nowadays Windsor castle is one of the official residences of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen is officially in residence at a Windsor castle twice a year : in April and also in June.
Queen Mary’s dollhouse
The Tower of London
Location The Tower of London is situated on Tower Hill
Purposes of the Tower of London A palace A prison A fortification A zoo A museum
Exhibitions Exhibition in the White Tower Mint of the Tower of London The crown Jewels exhibition
Ghosts of Edinburgh Castle The piper's ghost The drummer’s ghost
“Greyfriars Booby” Edinburgh has many associations with dogs, including the famous "Greyfriars Bobby".
Ghosts of the Tower of London Lady Jane Grey Anne Boleyn
Ghosts of the Tower of London HENRY VI Walter Raleigh
The most popular: The Tower of London 165,000 Windsor Castle 90,500 Warwick Castle 90,500 Scotland Edinburgh Castle 74,000 Wales Cardiff Castle 15,000
Appearance: Before Christ Middle Ages
Our survey We asked some pupils what associations they had when we said “BRITAIN” and 11% of pupils named “CASTLE” as a main part of the country.
John Mostin theory: We found an answer in article of English psychologist. It was said that British people are very superstitious. They believe in ghosts and see them.