Выполнила ученица 7»б» класса Емельяненкова Мария МОУ Иловлинская СОШ №2
Santa Claus is based on a real person, St. Nicholas who was born in Turkey in the 4th century. He was a bishop. He had devoting his life to Christianity. It was his custom to go out at night and bring gifts. He was very shy, and wanted to give money to poor people without them knowing about it. One day, he climbed the roof of a house and dropped a purse of money down the chimney. It landed in the stocking which a girl had put to dry by the fire! This may explain the belief that Santa Claus comes down the chimney and places gifts in children's stockings.
The Dutch kept the legend of St.Nicholas alive and in 16th century Holland, Dutch children would place their wooden shoes by the hearth in hopes that they would be filled with a treat. The Dutch spelled St.Nicholas as Sint Nikolaas, which became corrupted to Sinterklaas, and finally, to Santa Claus. In 1822, Clement C. Moore composed his famous poem, «A Visit from St.Nick," which gave us the modern image of Santa Claus as a jolly fat man in a red suit, riding a sleigh drawn by eight flying reindeer. In the USA the name was mispronounced and finally changed to Santa Claus. Thus was born the legendary figure of Sinterklaas and our favourite Santa Clause is the result of its American mispronunciation.
Children often write letters to Santa Claus to tell him what they would like for Christmas. Some children will send their letters by post or e-mail but the more traditional way is to throw the letters into back of the fireplace. How does Santa do all of this? The story that was passed down to me is that Santa is magic! When I was a little girl I believed in Santa too. Santa сan do things that normal people just can't do.
What does Santa Claus wear under a fur coat? White linen shirt and trousers, decorated with white geometric patterns (symbol of purity ). At the head of Santa Claus - a red cap with silver and pearl. On a frosty day, Santa Claus wears white boots.
www.prazdnuem.ru www.xpomo.com Санта Клаус. Википедия.  The Evolution of Santa Claus. Biography.com  The Santa Letter classic. Santa.co.uk