CHRISTMAS IS IN THE AIR Authors: Jane Nickitina John Pavlov
CRISTMAS STOCKING One of the favourite holidays in Great Britain is Christmas. People are very busy on Christmas Eve. They go shopping, buy tasty food, make roast turkey, mince pies, a pudding. Children make or buy Christmas cards and send them to the relatives, write letters to Santa Claus asking him to be polite,kind to everybody , help old people and prepare sto- ckings for Christmas presents.
CHRISTMAS LETTER On Christmas Eve English children letters to Santa Claus. In the letters they tell Santa Claus what they want for Christmas and promise to be good in the coming year. For example, Dear Santa! My name is Linda. I am normally nice to my parents. I really want a new bicycle for Christmas. Will you give me, Santa? Linda Higgins.
CHRISTMAS PUDDING In Britain, this popular des- sert is surrounded by many superstitutions. It is said puddings should be pre- paired with 13 ingredients to represent Christ and his Disciples. Putting a silver coin in the pudding is another age old custom that is said to bring wealth, health, happiness to the lucky person who finds it.
HOLLY Holly is an evergreen plant with sharppointed leaves and red berries . You know already that people put holly on Chist- mas pudding. They also use holly to decorate their homes. It is a very old tradition. Long ago people began to put holly in their homes du- ring the dark cold winters. They liked to look at holly and think about the spring and the sun.
MISTLETOE Mistletoe is an evergre- en plant with small le- aves and small white berries. On Christmas Eve there is a bunch of mistletoe in every house. Under this bunch boys kiss girls.
CANDLES On Christmas Eve people like to light candles . If there are children in the family, they often have Christ- mas crackers. They pull a cracker, it makes a bang.
MINCE PIES Сhristmas food needs explaining. Mince pies today are not made from meat as they once were, but contain raisins, currants. Children like these sweet pies.
WAITS Waits are a group of singers who sing carols. They sing carols, for example, in front of a Christmas tree. In small towns and villages waits often come and stand in front of the house and sing ca- rols. They receive money for their singing.
CHRISTMAS SUPERSTITUTIONS If the wind is blowing on Christmas Day, you are in for a good year. If you want to have good health throughout the next year, eat an apple on Chris mas Eve. If a baby is born on Christ- mas Day, it will have a special fortune .
TURKEY The Christmas bird, nowdays usually a turkey, is being pre- pared and stuffed, the pudding is in- spected and the cake is got out of its tin and iced.
BOXING DAY Boxing Day comes after Christmas Day. It is on the 26 th of December. People visit friends or to the theatre and give presents.
SANTA CLAUS This jolly fellow gets his name from a man as known as St. Nicholas. St. Nicholas lived In Western Asia and was a Bishop and gave his wealth to the poor children. In England Father Christ – mas was known as far back as the 15 th century. Now Father Christmas deposits his gifts by night in the houses, unseen and unbeard.
POEMS TO ENJOY CHRISTMAS MESSAGE I heard the bells on Christmas DAY Their old familiar carols play And wild and sweet the words repeat Of peace earth, good will to MEN.
YULETIDE Juletide begins in the middle of December and ends on the 6 th of January. All the children like this wonderful time.
CHRISTMAS AT OUR SCHOOL There is a tradition to have a big holiday connected with Christmas at our school. It is celebrated on the 25 th of December. Children wear masks, sing songs, dance, recited poems about winter, Christmas. They eat puddings, chocolates.
OUR CONCLUSIONS So we have touched the topic “Christmas In England”. Now we know that Christmas is the biggest and the most favourite holiday for Englishmen. We have found out a lot of interesting things about traditions, customs of this holiday in the family, at school e.t.c. Finally we know that this holiday is similar to our chuvash holiday ”SURHURI” and at the same time they have some differences too. This material deepens and enlarges our knowledge in Linquistics and the country.