In 1897, was opened Tate gallery, which is considered one of the largest collections of English art of the little ice age (16-20th centuries).
The gallery has received its name in honor of its Creator - sir Henry Tate. Being British sugar king, he supported a number of talented artists. A huge number of works of painters Henry bought for myself. Soon his collection took pride of place in the gallery of British art, which has over sixty thousand splendid works.
Over sixty thousand works of art: paintings, sculpture, drawings, prints are stored in the national Museum of London, the Tate gallery.
According to the guidebook through the gallery of 1897, the beginning of the collection of sir Henry Tate put three pictures, one of which is «Thursday» U. D. Sadlera. Initially, the gallery of paintings by British artists born after 1790.
Joseph Mallord William Turner - Cliveden on Thames
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema – A Foregone Conclusion Phillip James De Loutherbourg - An Avalanche in the Alps
In 1899, when the means, the Tait were added nine halls, gallery became the most spacious in London. In 1910 there were opened new rooms for works of Turner. Joseph Mallord William Turner – Caligula’s Palace and Bridge
Collection of Tate Britain exhibited in chronological order, from the 1500s to the present day. Every time period is divided into thematic sections, which change about once a year. Sir William Blake Richmond – Portrait of Mrs Ernest Moon Sir Anthony Van Dyck – Portrait of Mary Hill, Lady Killigrew
Having existed for a century, the gallery has gained such a number of art that had its divided into two galleries - so in 2000 a branch of the Tate to Tate Modern, where went all the works of contemporary art. Classic English painting remained in an old building, but the exhibition was named Tate Britain.
In may 2000, in a converted former Bankside power station Power Station on the South Bank of the Thames, opposite the Cathedral of St. Paul, opened a contemporary art gallery Tate Modern (architects Herzog & de Meuron). After that, the «parent» gallery was remained into the Tate Britain.