X

Код презентации скопируйте его

Ширина px

Вы можете изменить размер презентации, указав свою ширину плеера!

Methods of sociologocal resarch

Скачать эту презентацию

Презентация на тему Methods of sociologocal resarch

Скачать эту презентацию
Cлайд 1
METHODS OF SOCIOLOGICAL RESARCH METHODS OF SOCIOLOGICAL RESARCH
Cлайд 2
QUANTITATIVE METHODS QUANTITATIVE METHODS
Cлайд 3
Sampling Probability sampling Sampling Probability sampling
Cлайд 4
Cлайд 5
What to measure? Knowledge Attitudes Possible activity What to measure? Knowledge Attitudes Possible activity
Cлайд 6
Steps to create questionnaire Defining aim and objectives Defining theoretica... Steps to create questionnaire Defining aim and objectives Defining theoretical approach List of future variables List of possible analytical procedures Work with existing questionnaires Defining questions Pilot survey Final changes
Cлайд 7
Questions Open Last book you have read? Semistuctured What is you nationality... Questions Open Last book you have read? Semistuctured What is you nationality? Ukrainian Russian Other_______________ Structured Mark your attitude towards political party X on the scale Where 1 is very positive – 7 is very negative 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Cлайд 8
How to formulate questions? Whether everyone would be able to understand ques... How to formulate questions? Whether everyone would be able to understand question and answer? Whether everyone would be able to understand question same way? Whether everyone would be willing to answer the question?
Cлайд 9
Length of the questionnaire Price Time Number of non-response Quality of answers Length of the questionnaire Price Time Number of non-response Quality of answers
Cлайд 10
Field work We can not change questions during the fieldwork Big number of non... Field work We can not change questions during the fieldwork Big number of non-responses Possible unpleasant experience
Cлайд 11
Qualitative research Qualitative research
Cлайд 12
Definition Qualitative research is an interpretative approach concerned with ... Definition Qualitative research is an interpretative approach concerned with understanding the meanings which people attach to phenomena (actions, decisions, beliefs, values etc.) within their social worlds. (J.Ritchie & J.Lewis: 2003) Qualitative research is usually interested in three sings: social routines, their conditions, and the subjective experiences of those, who take part in them. (Carspecken & Cordeiro, 1995)
Cлайд 13
Important features Aims are directed at providing in-depth and interpreted un... Important features Aims are directed at providing in-depth and interpreted understanding of the social world of research participants Importance of participants’ frames of reference Volume and richness of qualitative data; data are very detailed, information rich and extensive Output tends to focus on the interpretation of social meaning through mapping and “re-presenting” the social world of research participants.
Cлайд 14
In-depth interview In-depth interview
Cлайд 15
In-depth interview: definition Form of conversation with a purpose (~1,5-2 ho... In-depth interview: definition Form of conversation with a purpose (~1,5-2 hours). Provides an opportunity for detailed investigation of people’s personal perspectives, for in-depth understanding of the personal context within which the research phenomena are located, and for VERY DETAILED SUBJECT COVERAGE.
Cлайд 16
In-depth interview: types Structured – scenario of an interview is based on a... In-depth interview: types Structured – scenario of an interview is based on a detailed list of content mapping questions (-) researcher is imposing his/her understanding of social phenomena on interviewee (+) easy to compare (+) relatively easy to conduct
Cлайд 17
In-depth interview: types Semistructured – scenario of an interview is based ... In-depth interview: types Semistructured – scenario of an interview is based on broadly defined thematic lines, no specific questions are defined (“childhood”, “education”, “work”, “family”) (-) more difficult to compare big number of interviews (-) more difficult for unskilled interviewers (+) allows a lot of flexibility, gives more “voice” to narrator
Cлайд 18
In-depth interview: types Unstructured – 3 stages. I stage – no questions wit... In-depth interview: types Unstructured – 3 stages. I stage – no questions with an exception of an opening one (Tell me the story of our life…) II stage – only narrative questions are allowed (You told that …,) III stage – other questions. Limited number of prepared questions of any character are allowed.
Cлайд 19
In-depth interview: types (-) difficult to compare big number of interviews (... In-depth interview: types (-) difficult to compare big number of interviews (-) even more difficult to conduct for unskilled interviewers (+) allows a lot of flexibility, gives more “voice” to narrator (+) this type of interview gives us much deeper understanding of what is really important, what really matters to our respondents
Cлайд 20
Focus group discussion Focus group discussion
Cлайд 21
Focus group discussion: definition FGD – involves several (6-10) participants... Focus group discussion: definition FGD – involves several (6-10) participants brought together to discuss the research topic as a group. Provides an opportunity for direct and explicit discussion of differences as it emerges in the group. We study more opinions, but in comparison to an in-depth interview less questions can be asked
Cлайд 22
Observation Observation
Cлайд 23
Participant observation Participant observation – researcher joins the consti... Participant observation Participant observation – researcher joins the constituent study population or its organizational or community setting to record actions, interactions and events that occur. (+) we can study and experience social phenomena in their natural setting (-) time-consuming, rises many ethical issues
Cлайд 24
Observation Observation – offers opportunity to record and analyze behavior a... Observation Observation – offers opportunity to record and analyze behavior and interactions as they occur, although not as a member of the study population. Autoethnography - “ ‘figural anthropology’ of the self” (Lionnet, 1991), “generative autobiography” (Alexander, 2000).
Cлайд 25
Textual analysis Textual analysis
Cлайд 26
Textual analysis: types Conversational analysis involves a detailed examinati... Textual analysis: types Conversational analysis involves a detailed examination of “talk interactions” to determine how conversation is constructed and enacted. The aim is to investigate social intercourse, as it occurs in natural settings, is “an attempt to describe peoples methods for producing orderly social interaction” (Silverman, 2001)
Cлайд 27
Textual analysis: types Discourse analysis is “concerned with texts as social... Textual analysis: types Discourse analysis is “concerned with texts as social practices”. It alerts us to the intimate connections between meaning, power and knowledge (Potter & Wetherell, 1987).
Cлайд 28
Textual analysis: types Content analysis “claims to offer an “objective”, “sy... Textual analysis: types Content analysis “claims to offer an “objective”, “systematic” and “quantitative” analysis of documentary content” (Ball, 1992). It allows to examine the major elements or categories present in, and communicated by certain texts as well as to compare frequencies of those categories.
Cлайд 29
Content-analysis However, content analysis does not allow the possibility for... Content-analysis However, content analysis does not allow the possibility for a researcher to uncover variability in the construction of different texts, to compare it and to assess the functions this variation is framing. Nor does it take into account motives for the reproduction of a specific theme or/and context in which these themes were reproduced. It also fragments and decontextualizes data.
Cлайд 30
Sampling Sampling
Cлайд 31
Sampling Qualitative research uses non-probability sampling, where units are ... Sampling Qualitative research uses non-probability sampling, where units are deliberately selected to reflect particular features of or groups within the sampled population.
Cлайд 32
? Regions ? Regions
Cлайд 33
Thank you for your attention! Questions, comments? Thank you for your attention! Questions, comments?
Скачать эту презентацию

Похожие презентаци

Наверх