Contents Prefer, would rather, had better Watch out! (1) 3. Ex. I, Ex. II Infinitives of purpose Watch out! (2) 6. Watch out! (3) Ex. III, IV Ex. V
Prefer, would rather, had better Form Use Example prefer +noun/-ing +to noun/-ing expressing general preference I prefer biology to history. I prefer reading English books to speaking English. would prefer + full infinitive +rather than (+ bare infinitive) expressing specific preference (on this occasion) I’d prefer to have the lesson on Monday rather than (to have it) on Tuesday, if that’s possible. would prefer + bare infinitive +than (+ bare infinitive) expressing general or specific preference I’d rather have the lesson on Monday than (have it) on Tuesday, if that’s possible. would rather + sb + past simple/past continuous expressing general or specific preference (about someone else) I’d rather you didn’t sit next to Brian. had better + bare infinitive giving advice You’d better ask your parents if you can come on the school trip.
We don’t usually say I don’t prefer…. We use I prefer not to…. . Ex. I prefer not to have music on when I’m studying. Watch out!
Ex.I Each of the words and phrases in bold. Rewrite them correctly. 1. I generally prefer coffee from tea. 2. Do you prefer watching a DVD at home to go to the cinema. 3. I had prefer to meet you a bit later, if that’s all night with you. 4. He’d prefer not have to get up so early tomorrow, but he will if he has to. 5. I’d rather you write your essay in a notebook, to be honest. 6. Would you prefer to get a pizza rather from go out tonight. 7. You would better see a doctor if you’re not feeling well. 8. I had rather be poor and happy than rich and lonely. 9. I’d prefer having an early night tonight, if that’s okay with you. 10. She’d rather starts revising if she wants to do well in the exam next week. 11. Shona prefers to not wear make-up to work. to going would rather wrote than had would to have better not to
I prefer pop music rock, to be honest. I would prefer to go to the concert tomorrow than on Saturday. I playing the piano on my own performing. I’d rather to that jazz club than a nightclub. I’d you didn’t practise playing the trumpet while I’m trying to study. You’d get tickets soon as they’re running out. I actually prefer to listen to music through speakers; it sounds so much better through headphones. Ex.II Write one word in each gap. to rather prefer go rather better not
Infinitives of purpose When we want to talk about someone’s purpose (the reason they do something), we can use: the full infinitive I went to university to avoid getting a job! in order + full infinitive I went to university in order to avoid getting a job! so as + full infinitive I went to university so as to avoid getting a job!
We can also express the same idea using so (that). Ex. I went to university so (that) I could avoid getting a job! With a negative purpose we don’t normally use the full infinitive on its own. Ex. I went to university in order not to get a job! I went to university so as not to get a job! I went to university not to get a job! (incorrect!) We can also use so (that) with can and could. Ex. She’s learning English so that she can study in Canada. We moved to London so that we could visit our friends more often. Watch out!
«For…» and «to..» We use for + noun but to + verb Ex. I’m going to Spain for a holiday. I’m going to Spain to learn Spanish. Let’s go to the pool for a swim. Let’s go to the pool to have a swim. We can say ….for (somebody) to ( do something). Ex. There weren’t any chairs for us to sit on, so we had to sit on the floor. We can use for + -ing form to say what the general purpose of a thing is. Ex. This knife is only for cutting bread. (or to cut bread.) We can use What ……for? to ask about purpose. Ex. What is this knife for? What did you do that for? Watch out!
He’s going to France a holiday. You need a lot of experience this job. You need a lot of experience do this job. We’ll need more time make decision. 5. I went to the dentist a check-up. 6. I had to put on my glasses read the letter. Do you wear glasses reading. I wish we had a garden children play in. Ex.III Put in to or for. for for to to for to for for to I hurried. I didn’t want to be late. Ex.IV Write sentences with so that. I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late. We wore warm clothes. We didn’t want to get cold. We wore warm clothes so that we wouldn’t get cold. The man spoke very slowly. He wanted me to understand what he said. The man spoke very slowly so that I could understand what he said. She locked the door. She didn’t want to be disturbed. She locked the door so that she wouldn’t be disturbed.
People appear…………… (learn) in different ways. Some people expect…………………… (make) mistakes in their studies and are capable of …………………….(benefit) from their mistakes. They don’t mind…………………………………..(correct) by their teachers and indeed often ask………….. (be) corrected. Others, however, dislike……………….. (make) mistakes. They try to avoid …........ ( do) anything which they might do badly. They would rather………….. (perfect) something in small steps and be sure they have got it right (to; from; that; than) attempt to do a task based on a subject they don’t feel they have finished ……………………(explore) yet. Both ways of learning seem (that; to be; as; being) equally valid, but a combination of the two may be the best solution. In (desire; demand; need; order) to learn effectively, students have to remember ……………(take) risks sometimes. But they also have to feel comfortable and secure with what they’re doing so (that; much; as; many) not to become demotivated. All students should at least think about ……………………( question) the way that they approach learning. Ex.V Choose the correct form . to learn to make being corrected to be making doing perfect exploring to take questioning benefiting
В презентации использованы: 1.Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку: Грамматика и лексика Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Grammar and Vocabulary. Авторы: Malcolm Mann Steve Taylore-Knowles Консультант: Елена Клековкина Издательство Macmillan, Oxford, 2006 2. English Grammar In Use Автор: Raymond Murphy Издательство Cambridge University Press, 1994