Автор: Баталина Наталья Руководитель: Сидорова Е.В. учитель английского языка
The most ancient animal tamed by the person. The majority of cynologists count a wolf as a unique ancestor of a dog (Charles Darwin’s opinion), and all modern breeds – a result of artificial selection.
Conrad Lorenz has propounded a theory about an origin of different kinds of dogs from wolves and from jackals
Charles Linney considered the ancestor of a domestic dog is certain independent (which is missed nowadays) wild «ancient dog»
Mesolithic period Neolithic period Stone Ages Bronze age Ancient Egypt Ancient East Ancient Greece and Rome
Five basic types of dogs: mastiff wolf-like dogs greyhounds pointer-looking dogs the shepherd's dogs
The first cultivated dogs, most likely, were both watchmen, and assistants in hunting. Then there was a division of dogs into groups depending on their economic purpose (assignment).
In the temples denoted to goddess Bast (Egyptians represented her as a cat or a woman with a cat's head), there were a lot of cats honored as sacred animals.
Times have changed, and the population of many countries has a fashionable tendency to purchase exotic animals, including cats and dogs of rare breeds.
1. From a homeless animal the person can catch skin disease, such as ringworm. During this disease the person’s lymphatic nodes inflame, his head, nails, skin is ill, and especially it is dangerous for children who like to play with homeless animals. 2. Homeless cats and dogs can catch fleas; they are carriers of typhus as fleas can get on people, as people can also catch these similar illnesses. With a view of hygiene it is necessary to keep up cleanliness of pets and it’s better to fear of homeless animals. 3. Furiousness. This illness arises after a sting of an infected animal, and it is characterized by defeat of the central nervous system. This disease spreads everywhere; also this disease has a very high death rate. That is why it is necessary to conduct preventive maintenance of vagrant animals. After a sting of an infected animal the inoculation is necessary, but it is very hard for the person. 4. Mites. Dogs and cats can be intermediate carriers of various hookworms. People can catch such illness as encephalitis. It is the inflammation of grey material of brain. 5. Lice. Lice are insects without wings. They are stationary parasites of mammals, have specific owners among them and eat blood.
people must observe rules of maintenance and feeding of dogs and cats, take good care of them; there must be no contact of animals with intermediate owners and carriers of parasites; rats and mice must be destroyed; catching and sterilization of rambling dogs, cats and other animals; isolation of ill dogs and cats; people mustn’t feed dogs and cats with infected meat products.
Dialogue with animals enriches the inner world of a person, makes it more brightly and more emotional, as it opens a window in a new unknown earlier area of concepts and representations.
Modern people unlike our ancestors, who worshipped animals, concern to animals, not as to alive essences, but as to unnecessary things which are thrown out without need.
In our city there are pet-shops in which various exotic kinds of animals also are sold.
Several years ago the model Juliana Romanova set on her fighting dog on peacefully napping homeless mongrel. It seemed to her little, and, having got a kitchen knife from her sack, she has killed the dog.
My person will not tolerate restrictions in a freedom of movement (except protection of my physical welfare). My person will not tolerate to laugh loudly at while training whatever nonsense I do. My right is to protect myself and my property with different methods. My right - to protect my territory at intrusion of other animals without my consent. I have the right to safety at my territory and I have the right to protect my things from unreasonable inspection. It is not necessary to shift me from my place during the rest without the sufficient bases on that. Under no circumstances I should not be punished by impact, otherwise I have the right to start scratching and biting. I warn all people from a mistake: it is impossible to drag me for a tail or imprudently sit on me and also not to push me when you go near me. At rendering of resistance by me on all items it is impossible to anything that can harm me. Don’t forbid me to steel some food from different shops and don’t forget to give me meat, fish, milk and so on. People must take care of us and love us