Выполнила: Великоиваненко Дарья, Ученица 11 «А» класса Искитим, 2006. МОУ - средняя общеобразовательная школа №8 города Искитима Новосибирской области The theme of research: «American High School Education System».
The main tasks: To show the features of foreign education systems on the example of the United States. To point out the advantages of the separate elementary-middle-high school system and the ability to choose courses depending on the demands and preferences of the student. To share personal experience of studying in American high school.
Methods of exploration: Study the theoretical background. Apply acquired practical experience for confirming the hypothesis
Hypothesis: Does the American education system really meet the image, created by the world community?
Stages of the exploration: General information on the program of the cultural exchange FLEX General information on American high schools Features of high school education (10-12 grade) Features of national structure of the school (multiculturalism) Students’ knowledge estimation system After school activities in the USA Conclusion
General information on the FLEX program: FLEX (Future Leaders Exchange) cultural exchange program was first started back in 1992 at the support of the US government. The program is designed for children from the former Soviet Union countries. Each student, selected by the special board, has an opportunity to study in the US for a period of one school year, while staying with an American host family. Program allows student to get a better understanding of the American culture and to share the traditions and the history of his country. FLEX – is an opportunity to find friends abroad, to expand an outlook, to establish important contacts.
FLEX program had a great impact on my life. After a year that I had spent in the USA, staying with an American family, I learned a lot about this country. I can share my thought and ideas on different issues. In this work I’d like to include my personal experience and views on the education system in the US.
General information on the US schools: US school system consists of four levels: Kindergarten (as a part of a school system) Elementary school (grades 1-4) Middle school (grades 6-8) High school (grades 9-12)
The structure of the US education system
Features of high school education (grades 10-12): High school is the most important time for American students. It is high school, where the personality of the student is completely formed. Each teenager has a right to chose those subjects, that will be necessary for entering the college or any other institution of higher education. High school gives a certain minimum level of knowledge on basic subjects, such as mathematics, literature, science, foreign language and history. This minimum is required for each student. There is also a number of subjects, that students may chose according to their needs and preferences. School day consists of certain classes, which are the same all year long, as well as the after school activities.
Sample Student Schedule: *These are the specialty courses in schools offering them. Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 English 10 Social Studies 10 Math 10 Science 10 Foreign Language Intro To Engineering Design Physical Education 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit .5 unit English 11 Social Studies 11 Math 11 Science 11 Digital Electronics *Computer Integrated Manufacturing *Civil Engineering and Architecture *Biotechnical Engineering *Aerospace Engineering Physical Education 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit .5 unit English 12 Social Studies 12 Math 12 Science 12 Engineering Design and Development Health Physical Education 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit 1 unit .5 unit .5 unit
Features of national structure of the school (multiculturalism) American school is multinational. Here you can find students of various national backgrounds: native Americans, African-Americans, Spanish, Indians, Koreans and Gypsies, people who come from Ireland and Scotland.
Students’ knowledge estimation system Students’ knowledge is estimated as a percentage, and grades are divided into five groups, each marked with a letter: «А» - 100 - 90% (grade «5») «В» - 90 – 80% (grade«4») «С» - 80 – 70% (grade «3») «D» - 70 – 60% (grade «3») «F» - 60 – 0% (failed)
After school activities in the US It is of the great importance to note that American schools have various clubs, where students can show their individuality. These are tennis clubs, basketball and football teams, French club, Spanish club, Student Council and etc.
After school activities in the US Talking about sports as an after school activity I would like to tell more about those hours that students spend training. In the US I played tennis, so I would like to give a tennis training schedule: Tennis Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Starts at 4.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 4.00 p.m. 6.00 p.m. Ends at 6.00 p.m. 6.30 p.m. 7.00 p.m. 6.30 p.m. 6.00 p.m. 8.00 p.m.
Confirmation of the hypothesis Without any doubt I can say that during the year in the American high school I’ve gained a great knowledge in different areas. I had an opportunity to receive grants, to participate in different contests with Americans. And I think, that the image of the US education meets the knowledge provided, those rewards and opportunities and grants that US government provides to all of the successful students for their future free college education.
Academic Grants, Awards and Certificates. Just to give you a better understanding of the American School Awards I wanted to list here some of the awards that I got during the year at the US: Academic Achievement. Straight A Award. Presented by Hobbs High School. M.V.P Award. (Most Valuable Participant Award) Presented by the New Mexico, District V FFA. New Mexico Activities Association. The certificate that recognizes the participation in the FFA Career Development Event. Outstanding FFA Quiz Award. Presented by Hobbs FFA. Outstanding FFA Creed Award. Presented by Hobbs FFA. Outstanding Poultry Judging Award. Presented by Hobbs FFA.
Academic Grants, Awards and Certificates.
Conclusion The school education system in the USA assists reaching a decent level of knowledge and intellect, leads to a better understanding of studying as a process of accumulating different knowledge and skills.
Literature: Michael Harris, David Mower, Anna Sikorzynska. “Opportunities”. Intermediate. Longman, 2003.-128 p. Patricia Wilcox Peterson. Changing Times. Changing Tenses. Elementary/Intermediate. English Language Programs Division United States Information Agency, Washington, D.C.1992. Курова Н.Н. Проектная деятельность в развитой информационной среде образовательного учреждения. Учеб.пособие для системы допюобраз-я –М.:Федерация Интернет Образования,2002.-64с. Web – sites: http:// www.image.yandex.ru http:// www.pltw.org/hsprogram.shtml http://712educators.about.com/ http://www.google.ru/