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Множественное число существительных

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Презентация на тему Множественное число существительных

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PLURALS Подготовила преподаватель английского языка ГУО «Пинковичская средняя... PLURALS Подготовила преподаватель английского языка ГУО «Пинковичская средняя школа имени Якуба Коласа» Пинского района, Брестской области, Лящук Елена Геннадьевна
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+s an apple-apples +s an apple-apples
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+ES(if nouns ending in –s,-ss, -ch,-x,-o) a tomato-tomatoes +ES(if nouns ending in –s,-ss, -ch,-x,-o) a tomato-tomatoes
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BUT: radio-radios piano-pianos photo-photos rhino-rhinos hippo-hippos video-v... BUT: radio-radios piano-pianos photo-photos rhino-rhinos hippo-hippos video-videos
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Nouns ending in a vowel+Y take –s in the plural a toy-toys Nouns ending in a vowel+Y take –s in the plural a toy-toys
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Nouns ending in consonant+y, drop the –y and take –ies in the plural a strawb... Nouns ending in consonant+y, drop the –y and take –ies in the plural a strawberry-strawberries y-i+es
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Nouns ending in –f or –fe, drop the f or fe and take –ves in the plural a lea... Nouns ending in –f or –fe, drop the f or fe and take –ves in the plural a leaf-leaves -f/-fe-v+es
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BUT: chiefs roofs safes cliffs beliefs scarf(ves) wharfs(ves) dwarfs(ves) hoo... BUT: chiefs roofs safes cliffs beliefs scarf(ves) wharfs(ves) dwarfs(ves) hoofs(ves)
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IRREGULAR PLURALS: a man-men a woman-women a child-children a foot-feet a too... IRREGULAR PLURALS: a man-men a woman-women a child-children a foot-feet a tooth-teeth a goose-geese a mouse-mice a louse-lice an ox-oxen
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SOME NOUNS HAVE THE SAME singular and plural forms: a fish-fish a deer-deer a... SOME NOUNS HAVE THE SAME singular and plural forms: a fish-fish a deer-deer a sheep-sheep a trout-trout a swine-swine an aircraft-aircraft a means-means
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Some words which come from foreign languages have special plurals: Analysis-a... Some words which come from foreign languages have special plurals: Analysis-analyses Appendix-appendices/appendixes Bacterium-bacteria Basis-bases Cactus-cacti/cactuses Crisis-crises Criterion-criteria Diagnosis-diagnoses Formula-formulae/formulas Fungus-fungi/funguses Hypothesis-hypotheses Medium-media/mediums Phenomenon-phenomena
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Noun+preposition+noun, we add –s to the first noun a mother-in-law- mothers-i... Noun+preposition+noun, we add –s to the first noun a mother-in-law- mothers-in-law
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If the first word is man or woman a woman-doctor- women-doctors If the first word is man or woman a woman-doctor- women-doctors
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Noun+adverb, we add –s to the first word passer-by-passers-by Noun+adverb, we add –s to the first word passer-by-passers-by
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If there is no noun-stem in the compound –s is added to the last element Forg... If there is no noun-stem in the compound –s is added to the last element Forget-me-not-forget-me-nots
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Uncountable nouns(are used in singular): Mass nouns: Beer, blood, bread,butte... Uncountable nouns(are used in singular): Mass nouns: Beer, blood, bread,butter,air,oxygen,corn,flour Subjects: History,mathematics,physics Languages: Spanish,French,Japanese,Italian Games: Baseball,billiards,football,golf, darts,cricket,rugby Diseases: Flu,pneumonia,measles,mumps, tuberculosis Natural phenomena: Darkness,fog,gravity,show Collective nouns: Baggage,crockery,cutlery, furniture,jewellery,luggage, machinery,money,rubbish. Others: Advice,anger,applause,assistance,behavior,business,chaos,countryside,courage,education,evidence,homework,information,knowledge,luck,music,news,peace,progress,seaside,traffic,trouble,truth,wealth,work,summons, crossroads,rubbish.
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Always plural: people arms cattle ashes trousers barracks jeans clothes short... Always plural: people arms cattle ashes trousers barracks jeans clothes shorts congratulations shoes outskirts gloves police pajamas riches tights stairs earrings surroundings scissors wages pliers goods
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A group of english nouns that can be used as countable or uncountable with a ... A group of english nouns that can be used as countable or uncountable with a difference in meaning: Glass(стекло) a glass(стакан) Hair(волосы) ahair(волос) Iron(железо) an iron(утюг) Experience(опыт) an experience(событие) Work(работа) a work(произведение) Paper(бумага) a paper(газета)
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Collective nouns that can be both singular and plural: Army Audience Class Co... Collective nouns that can be both singular and plural: Army Audience Class Committee Company Crew Crowd Government Group Faculty Family
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TEam Is singular when it is regarded as one unit: Our team is winning. Is plu... TEam Is singular when it is regarded as one unit: Our team is winning. Is plural when we mean each member of this unit individually: The team are going back to their homes.
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Russian nouns that are always plural in russian but are singular and plural i... Russian nouns that are always plural in russian but are singular and plural in English. ворота a gate-gates сани a sledge-sledges каникулы a vacation-vacations часы awatch/clock-watches/clocks
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