History The choice of the capital of the new state after the American revolution was difficult, since the role of the claimed many of the city. As a result, in 1790 it was decided to build a new city in the area of the Potomac river. The capital was called Washington in honor of the first President, George Washington. The first architect, who planned and designed the city, became the Frenchman Pierre Lanfan. In 1801 was officially established the Federal district of Columbia, which includes the city of Washington, Georgetown, Alexandria, as well as Washington County and the County of Alexandria.
The population in the administrative borders Administratively, the city of Washington since 1871 year coincides with the district of Columbia. Area - 0,2 thousand km2. Within the Federal district 602 thousand inhabitants (2010; in 1910 was 331 thousand. in the 1950 - 802 thousand inhabitants). With the suburbs (in the States of Maryland and Virginia) - 5.4 million inhabitants (2010).
White House The residence of the President of the United States. Is located in Washington (district of Columbia) to the following address: Pennsylvania Avenue, 1600, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. The white house was the official residence of the Presidents of the USA, with the exception of George Washington, who occupied this post from 1789 to 1797 years. At the time of the completion of the construction of the White house in 1800, the President of the country was John Adams. In August 1814, the White house was burned by the British, then reconstructed and restored. Depicted on banknotes of 20 dollars.
Wall The wall of the Memorial to the veterans of Vietnam is the most famous part of the monument, it's usually it is associated with himself memorial. It is often simply called the Wall. Structurally, it consists of two walls of black granite (Western and Eastern), the United under an obtuse angle 125 degrees 12′. The total length of the Walls - 75 meters. Its height increases from the ends of the Western and Eastern walls to the place of their connection and the highest point is 3 m. The wall is located in the hollow below the surface level, and its upper edge is connected with the lawn. On the Wall are listed the names of all U.S. servicemen killed or missing in South-East Asia
Three soldiers The creation of the statues of the Three soldiers were contradictions that have arisen around the selected Maya Lin's design. In 1984, bronze sculpture, created by Frederick Garth, was added to the memorial. The three soldiers - white, African-American and Latin - standing at some distance from the wall and looked in her direction, making a single composition.
Memorial for women of Vietnam 11 November 1993, was opened a memorial Viet Nam women's dedicated to all the American women who served in the South-East Asia (mainly in the role of nurses). The sculpture was designed by Glenna Gudark.
Washington Monument Faced with merilendskim marble granite obelisk weight of 91 thousand tons and height of 169 meters. Was erected in 1848-84, in Washington, D.C. between the White house and the Capitol, according to the project of the Robert mills as a monument to the first President of the United States, George Washington. Before the building of the Eiffel tower was the tallest building on Earth. On the top of the monument, you can climb the stairs from 896 stairs or by lift. Interesting is the fact that, from the East side to the top of the monument carved 2 Latin words «decet Laus Deo», that in translation means «Glory to God.» Every new day in the capital of the United States begins with the fact that the first ray of sun shines on this title. The process of creating the monument began in 1832 (this year, the Washington celebrated its 100-year anniversary). Modern monument represents a hollow pillar, which has in its upper part четырехгранную pyramid, inside of which is the viewing platform with eight Windows on all four sides
Lincoln Memorial 1. located on the Esplanade in the centre of Washington. Was built in honor of the sixteenth President of the United States Abraham Lincoln. His presidency fell on the years of the Civil war (1861-1865). Memorial, built in 1914-1922 years, a symbol of faith Lincoln in the fact that all people should be free. 2. Compositionally the building symbolizes the Union. Along its perimeter are 36 columns, just as many States United by the time of the death of Lincoln. The names of the 48 United States (and that is how much they were to 1922 - the moment of completion of construction of memorial) broken along the outside wall of the building. Tablet with the name of the last two acceding States of Alaska and Hawaii - is located on the approaches to the memorial. 3. In the premises of the memorial is the statue of Lincoln: sitting President facing to the memorial of Washington and the Capitol. The statue of Lincoln 19 feet (5.79 m.) in height and weighs 175 tons. In the room there are also two huge stone slabs: on the one engraved text of the second inaugural treatment of Lincoln, and on the other – it Gettinsbergskayait. Two murals allegorically represent the principles of freedom, justice, unity, brotherhood and charity.
A monument to victims of communism memorial in Washington, DC (USA) at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and G street two blocks from the train station and at a distance of visibility of the Capitol. Memorial is intended, according to its creators, to perpetuate the memory of the more than one hundred million victims of communism, the glory of those who successfully resisted Communist tyranny, to tell the current and future generations about the crimes of communism against humanity, and thank those who helped win the Cold war
Capitol residence of the U.S. Congress on Capitol hill in Washington, ideological and town-planning center of the district of Columbia. Connects to the Washington Monument and The Lincoln 1800-metre National alley. To the East of the parliamentary centre spread the Library of Congress and the residence of the Supreme court of the United States (up to 1935, the meeting of the Supreme court were in the Capitol).
The Cathedral of saints The Cathedral of saints Peter and Paul, or Washington Cathedral - the Cathedral of the Anglican Episcopal Church of the United States, located in Washington, DC. Construction continued 83 years and solemnly was completed in 1990, in the presence of President George Bush-senior. The Cathedral is under the control established for the purpose of the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral of the Fund from the moment of the decisions of the Congress on the construction of 6 January, 1893.
The Botanical garden of the USA The Botanical garden in the vicinity of the Capitol in Washington. Refers to Federal Support agencies in the U.S. Congress. Opened in 1820 (formally founded in 1850). Attendance is 750,000 people a year. At the present time in the Botanical garden of the USA there are about 60,000 plants, some of which are more than 165 years. The Botanical garden has the largest in the United States greenhouse complex «Production Facility» (Anacostia, Washington). It was opened in 1994 and consists of 85,000 square feet the glass-covered area of 34 greenhouses 16 different natural zones.