USE 1 Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. USE 1: Repeated Actions
EXAMPLES - I tennis. - She play tennis. - The train every morning at 8 am. - The train leave at 9am. Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object play does not leaves does not
USE 2: FACTS OR GENERALIZATIONS The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
- Cats milk. - Birds like milk. - Windows made of glass. - Windows made of wood. EXAMPLES Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object like do not are are not
Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, it in the third person singular the verb, always ends in : s he want s she need s GRAMMATICAL VIEW A:
Add es to verbs ending in: ss x sh ch he pass she catch he fix it push B. o es es es es He go es
Verbs ending in y ;the third person changes the to ies fly fl cry C: y ies cr ies Exception: If there is a vowel before the : y s pray play play pray s
§ Negative and question forms use DOES (=the third person of the auxiliary'DO') + the infinitive of the verb. He wants. Does he want? He does not want.
. 1.Third person singular with s or es a. He goes to school every morning. b. She understands English. c. It mixes the sand and the water. d. He tries very hard. e. She enjoys playing the piano. Examples:
The present simple is used: A.to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: §I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth). . -He drinks tea at breakfast -She only eats fish. -They watch television regularly
§ You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left. B. to give instructions or directions: § -You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford. -Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
-Your exam starts at 09:00. c. to express fixed arrangements, present or future: -The bell rings at 8:00. The bus arrives at 7:00
TIME EXPRESSIONS 1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every month, every summer, every month, every year, always, usually, etc. . 2.All the time There are time expressions that we use only with the Present Simple and they are: I go to school every day. He visits me, every summer.
1. Ask your friends questions about what they do at different times. Also ask about their families. - "What time do you get up?" - "When do your brothers go to bed?" Write down the questions and give them to your teacher for checking. ACTIVITIES
Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple) . ?______________________________. I work in a bank. ________________________________? He lives in an apartment building.
. Put in : do/don't/does/doesn't Excuse me, _____________ you speak English? . Where's Ann? I _____________ know. George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play very often