ROBERT SCOTT AND “TERRA NOVA” MADE BY GORDEEV ROMA ( 7 FORM) TEACHER: PUZAKOVA T. S. LVOVSKAYA SCHOOL № 4 PODOLSKIY DISTRICT MOSCOW REGION
Name: ROBERT FALСON SCOTT Birthdate: 6.06.1868 Birthplace: DEVON, ENGLAND Education: NOVAL CADET PROGRAMME Occupation: ROYAL NAVY OFFICER AND ANTARCTIC BRITTISH EXPLORER Spouse: KATHLEEN BRUCE Children: PETER MARKHAM SCOTT, LATER SIR PETER SCOTT Deathdate: 29.03.1912 Deathplace: ROSS ICE SHELF, ANTARCTICA
R. Scott joined the Royal Navy in 1880 and in 1897 became a first lieutenant. While commanding an Antarctic expedition on the ship «Discovery» (1901-1904), he proved to be a competent scientific investigator and leader and was promoted to captain upon his return to England.
On 15 June 1910 Scott embarked on a second Antarctic expedition on the ship «Terra Nova». Its aims were to study the Ross Sea area and reach the South Pole.
Equipped with motor sledges, ponies, and dogs, he and eleven others started overland for the pole from cape Evans on October 24, 1911. The motors soon broke down, the ponies had to be shot and the dog teams were sent back
On December 10 the party began to ascend Beardmore Glacier with three man-hauled sledges. By December 31 seven men had been returned to the base.
The remaining polar party-Scott, Wilson, Bowers, Oates, Evans-reached the pole on January 18, 1912.Exhausted by their 81-day trek, they were bitterly disappointed to find evidence that Ronald Amundsen had preceded them to the pole by about a month.
The weather on the return journey was exceptionally bad. Food and fuel supplies were low. The people in Scott’s expedition died on their way back to the camp.
On March 9 R.Scott wrote the final entry in his diary:«Every day we have been ready to start for our depot 11 miles away but outside the door of the tent it remains a scene of whirling drift…. We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course. It seems a pity, but I do not think I can write more.»
On November12,1912 searchers found the tent with the frozen bodies and Scott’s diaries and records, which gave a full account of the journey. .
There is a simple wooden cross In the Antarctic. People put it in the Memory of the brave Englishmen. “ To strive , to seek, to find, and to yield” , says the inscription on the cross.