Research is made by Ulenkova Julia, 10”B” form 144 school
of my research is to study the history and the contents of English – speaking countries mythology and it’s influence on the modern life of the countries.
to study a lot of myths and legends and compare them to define the concepts of “myth” and “legend”, their similarities and differences to study the “soul” of English mythology (fears, dreams, ideal, national hero, etc) to find out how national mythology is formed to find out the way it influences modern life get to know about the former explorers of English mythology
Everybody knows Tolkien as a writer, but only a few people know him as a scientist and explorer. J. Tolkien (1892 – 1973) was an Oxford professor. It’s rather strange, but he wrote only about 30 articles. It’s a pity, that most of his articles and stories weren’t published, and nobody can explain, why.
“Myth” is an ancient national story like a fairy – tail, about famous Gods, heroes, about the origin of weather events. ”Legend” is a poetic story about a historical event, connected with the description of reality. “Ballad” is a poem or a song, made in a special way, telling about true facts or heroes, their bravery and victories. We can say, that myth isn’t very important to history or facts, as it looks more like a fiction, but it reflects the way people used to live, their national identity, their level of life, which has rather serious influence on “the soul of language” (specific words and quotes, for example).
Ireland Scotland Wales England USA Australia New Zealand
A lot of fog and wind Constant rain and cold Roman occupation Not enough land (island) Isolation Ghosts Reserved, a bit gloomy Family-oriented Technologically advanced Ambitious Willing to travel England is a country of quite reserved people, and because of this English legends are often very serious and sort of mysterious, contents many ghosts and witches. Sometimes myths tell us about bad governors, wealthy and violent people, about poor people and their sadness and, of course, about powerful men, who save the goodness and banishes villain.
Fight for independence Severe climate Beautiful landscapes Physical strength Patriotism Unity of the nation Strong character Educational system Poetry and art For Scotland mass holidays and competitions are habitual and happy mood is characteristic for Scotts. Because of this a lot of legends are based on peoples’ relationships, on love, friendship, traditions and native old stories.
Beautiful nature Early adopted Christianity A lot of invasions and wars Ancient castles preserved Celtic influence Art Patriotism Divine nature of the characters is obscured Myths concerning wars Gods of war Strong character Respect the ancestors Pagan mythology preserved and alive
Celtic influence Hunting Family – oriented tribal Structure Early invaded by Romans Welsh language Pagan mythology Mythology concerning nature Families linked close together Family – oriented mythology War – like, protesting Unique mentality, suspicious of foreigners
Isolation Hunting and collecting food Beautiful landscapes, Lot’s of sunshine Semi – deserts A lot of invasions Not advanced enough Close to nature Mythology concerning nature Art Patriotism Cheerfulness A bit reserved Hard – working Wisdom If to talk about Australia, which has absolutely different climate and just everything, its’ mythology has always been very wise and has an edifying meaning, an explanation of something, which was difficult to go through with a help of science or proofs.
New Zealanders, who are also known as “Kiwis”, are relaxed people who love the outdoor life. Over 80% of the 3.6 million are of European (mainly British) origin. Around 9% of the population are Maoris – who came to New Zealand from Poloynesia in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The two official languages in the country are English and Maori. With all these perfect geographical conditions and exciting history, New Zealand became one of the most interesting and exciting countries to visit, mainly because of the beautiful old traditions and unordinary, not European mythology, which was based on nature, art and tribal relationships.
Conclusion. It seems to me that people will always be interested in mythology, as it is the only thing which can`t be proved, in which you may believe and may not believe, which you have not to read or listen but feel, understand on intuition level and which will always be in your heart...